The water needed for plant growth is transferred through a certain piping system and fed to the plant roots in drops by means of drippers. The purpose is to use a small amount of water for obtaining a higher yield in a unit area. Only a limited area around the dripper, and not the whole soil surface, is wetted. However, some farmers misbelieve that plants cannot receive sufficient water with this method and they keep irrigating for such long periods of time that the small areas wetted with drip irrigation start to overlap in the end. Actually, when a small area on the soil surface is wetted in drip irrigation, the wetness expands to the sides underground, water reaches a wider area within the soil, the areas start overlapping and plant roots receive a sufficient amount of water. Supplying water more than is necessary or letting it flow for hours is not the solution.

In areas with too much rainfall in winter, the fertilizers spread to the soil get washed and mixed with groundwater. Similarly, when water is infiltrated to the bottom layers with surface irrigation and basin irrigation, fertilizers get washed and mix with groundwater. If the soil has a heavy structure with clay, this may result in drainage problems as well. The only solution is drip irrigation.

Advantages of drip irrigation

  • Water yield
  • Quality product
  • Increased product
  • Fighting against weeds
  • Suitable for windy air
  • Prevention of plant diseases and pests
  • Saving from the effort, time, and labor
  • Usable in salty soil
  • Not stressful for the plant
  • Usable in slanted terrain